Welcome to the Gen Plus Blog

It's a backstage pass to info on jobs and life at 50+. Gen Plus, headed by Janet Wendy Spiegel, is dedicated to baby boomers and the plus generation of age 50 and older. Read up and speak out on issues affecting your future: jobs, income, life and respect.

About Me

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Northridge, California, United States
Successful businesswoman, consultant, entrepreneur. I operate two businesses -- social media consulting, AND premium pet care services in the West San Fernando Valley. Love what I do, love life.

Gen Plus has relocated to www.GenPlusUSA.com

Monday, August 22, 2005

The Pill 2

Once upon a time, there was a pill. It was called the birth control pill. And there was a sexual revolution.

It turned the 1950's on its head. Free love, free sex, lotsa love, lotsa sex.

Fast forward to today's once upon a time. There was a pill. It was called Viagra. It was blue. And there was a new kind of sexual revolution.

Men in their 50's and 60's and 70's have rediscovered their freedom of the 1960's, their virility, their ability to spread their seed. Women in this same age group are still recovering their footing. They had gotten used to lack of sex -- a good thing for some of them and not such a good thing for the rest.

Renewed vigor doesn't translate into renewed freedom...many of them aren't prepared to take the risk of their husbands/boyfriends having a heart attack. So many of the men have started a wonderin'. And then they have started a wanderin'. Divorcing and dating. Younger women and sometimes not so much younger.

To be a single woman in her 50's, 60's or 70's and dating means that likely the man she dates will boldly want to recapture their virility and try the little blue pill. It's a predicament that many of the women aren't prepared for and aren't sure they want to risk. For a man in his 50's, 60's or 70's, the little blue pill has given him a reason to want to start dating again. It has created a complex new dance, a new game, new dangers to boot.

Successful internet sites cater to 50-plus online dating. Men and women are challenging their fears.

The new revolution. It has caused an entire generation...the same group that loved in the 1960's to attempt to redefine their lives in the 2000's.

Sunday, August 21, 2005

Intellect vs. Emotion

I was listening to an interesting report today on emotion and intellect. My entire adult life I've always believed in the tug of war between the heart and the mind. "Follow your heart," sings your heart in the throes of some undeniable desire. "Use your logic," commands your head before you leap headlong into some uncharted territory.

We've all seen the classic images of the angel on one shoulder and the devil on the other. Or experienced our parents trying to shackle us in before our teenage exuberance takes us to places we'll grow up to regret. So, I've always entertained that, in fact, there is this struggle taking place and that one side will win over the other.

When I think of Gen Plus, our 50-plussers who struggle with identity, place in society and in the workforce, I see this same tug between angel and devil, emotion and intellect...about what one can do and what one should do. What one desires and what 50-plus years of living has done to condition you to follow certain societal expectations. Which are often diametrically opposed.

So, I don't know what it was today that caught my attention. I don't know what the entire report was on, or who the Doctor of this, or author of that, was. It may have been about Blink (the book that is raging into the lives of Gen Plussers), by Malcolm Gladwell. But I got a clear message. The intellect will come up with a logical reason to accept the direction the emotion wants us to go. A little lightbulb came on. Basically, our logical brain sets out to fool ourselves by coming up with sound, logical, intellectually appropriate reasoning to follow the desire of our emotion.

I've always believed that I must follow my heart. I've lived my life following my heart. But now, I have a clearer understanding of what that really means. I can justify my heart. So, of course, in my zeal for reinventing 50-plus, I realize that gives permission for all 50-plussers to shed their fears. Fears of ageism, lower income potential, fear of re-entering the job market, redefining the next stage of life. They...we...can follow our bliss and allow our logic to justify it for us.

Friday, August 19, 2005

Gen Plus Beta testing update

While we are still in beta testing, we're amassing resumes, job posts and products to showcase. Come September we'll be running a US/Canada product search for products and inventions by 50-plussers. You can get a preview of our Shop section at http://www.genplususa.com/shop.aspx. If you or someone you know is looking for distributorship, have them drop us a line at shop@genplususa.com and we'll send out distribution instructions.

Our Jobseeker and Employer services are functional, but with a few kinks that are being fixed. We'll be updating copy to clarify the free services, vs. the fee-based services. For Jobseekers, job browsing is free, but resume posting is fee-based. For Employers, resume browsing is free, but job posting is fee-based. (Right now, job posting is free, so get on board quickly, pass along to any recruiters you know, or the window of opportunity will be closed!)

Please visit and send any comments, criticisms, or compliments (always welcome!) to info@genplususa.com. Stay posted for more!

Tuesday, August 16, 2005

Beta Testing and Gen Plus Wants YOU!!

As some of you have noticed, we are live on our Beta testing of the Jobseeker and Employer features at Gen Plus, www.genplususa.com There is quite the buzz starting to happen as 50 plussers are getting the idea of how the Work side of our site is going to work. Lots of positive comments on the online interview. Personally, I think it is fantastic...literally breaking through cyberdoors, but I'm open to all comments, critiques, feedback.

For those of you who are curious and just get a kick of being on the inside track, please visit the site, play around and email me (put JWS in the subject line) or any of our team at info@genplususa.com with any questions or comments.

For any HR professionals or Employers, this is your lucky month! Job posting is free right now and will continue to be so for about the next three weeks. I'd love to have you test us out and send feedback. The resume search features have some glitches that are being worked on as we speak.

For Jobseekers, please poke around the site. It's a lot of fun and extremely exciting if you are 50 plus. If you have registered, but aren't yet receiving full functionality on your account, please email us (info@genplususa.com) and our team will ensure your time is credited forward to you once the resume builder is functioning properly.

More updates as we have them. Happy posting!

Sunday, August 14, 2005

Better and better: living in an open society

by Corinne Copnick

Los Angeles, California –

In the midst of dire warnings about upcoming terrorist attacks on New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago by means of fuel tankers and continued U.S. bashing in both the domestic and international media, it was refreshing to find an upbeat article entitled “It’s a wonderful life” in the Sunday issue (August 14, 2005) of the London Times (
www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0.2092-1733906.00.html). Author Andrew Sullivan sees a lesson for currently gloomy Britain in the way “American society has rescued itself from what seemed to be a terminal decline caused by family breakdown” in the late 1970s. It seemed to many people then as if civilized life had come to an end. Along with the disintegration of family life and loss of religious faith, there was a “deeply displaced” sense of what matters.

Over the next few decades, this “decadence” slowly reversed itself, Sullivan claims. (Perhaps he has not been watching much so-called “reality” television in 2005, but let us not be cynical. That is an old-fashioned, baby boomer reaction.)

Not everything about the hedonistic 1960s and 1970s was so terrible, Sullivan writes, pointing to U.S. societal improvement in the treatment of women, gays, and radical minorities as a direct result of those embarrassing (to the present generation) Woodstock years when their parents, as he puts it, rolled in the mud.

The main thesis of Sullivan’s article is that open societies are not “inherently self destructive.” Because open societies like America can disseminate information efficiently,” they can correct what is wrong in the same way.

Sullivan’s argument is not taken out of thin air. He provides thought-provoking statistics to prove his optimistic contentions: Divorce in the U.S. peaked a generation ago and has slowly and steadily been declining. Crime slowed markedly in the 1990s, and this trend has continued. “Since 1993 the amount of violent crime in America has dropped by 55% and among teenagers has collapsed by some 71%.” Incidents of domestic violence have been cut in half. Drug use – would you have guessed? – is way down from the 1970s, especially in schools, with crack “a shadow of its former self,” and San Francisco is adjusting its estimate of HIV-infected individuals way, way down.

And kids have been getting smarter. Apparently, IQ scores have been rising along with modest gains in educational test scores in U.S. schools. Also, Americans are treating the environment better than a generation ago. “In the 1970s you could barely see downtown Los Angeles from the Hollywood Hills. Today it’s mainly clear skies.” My goodness, even cancer rates are down, cure rates are up, and the biggest health threat in the U.S. is obesity because people eat too much.

Maybe it takes an English writer to point it out to us, but our self-correcting, open society is getting better and better. So when, amidst the continual and undeserved global assault on Western society, you next read headlines predicting that the goal of terrorism is the collapse of the U.S. economy, remember that we ain’t gonna let that happen.

Copyright, Corinne Copnick, Los Angeles, 2005. All rights reserved.

Saturday, August 13, 2005

Gen Plus Fitness

At Gen Plus, we recently shot a fitness DVD geared specifically for 50 plussers. (For those of you who are interested in purchasing, it is currently in post-production and will be available through our Shop page on our home site within the next few months.) Developing the fitness workout got us researching health trends, looking at more healthy eating alternatives and, personally, trying to make the best choices in exercise and eating habits, including dining out.
Everyone who worked on the project has a shift of outlook on their personal health in one way or another.

Laura Spiegel, our Gen Plus fitness trainer, added karate to her already strenuous workout schedule, to help her prep for our next video (coming out next summer.)

Corinne Copnick, one of the participants, was so pleased with her unexpected good fitness, that she started dancing twice a week, in addition to aquafitness three times a week.

Ira Brown, who is the music composer for the fitness routine, has made significant changes to his eating habit. He's always loved salads, but now he is in chronic pursuit of the perfect healthy meal.

Ira had a meal in Sylmar, California the other day. He had stopped at a diner for bite to eat after a heavy workday (he is a renowned sound designer, creating home and commercial sound designs...from home theatres to fully "wired" homes.) He was particularly drawn to the "Healthy Chicken" meal. When it arrived, there was a 4 - 6 oz chicken breast, three stewed tomatoes, a baked potato, some large onion rounds and toppings -- so many toppings that he had to ask for a separate plate...just to remove them (a pre-emptive strike to avoid clogging his arteries.) The toppings were: a cup of sour cream, a scoop of butter, bacon strips, shredded cheese. He was so astounded by this advertised "Healthy" meal, that he had to tell me about it.

If it looks like potato skins and acts like potato skins, must be potato skins. At least the chicken part was healthy.

Friday, August 12, 2005

Gotta getta...

I never thought it would happen to me. But today it did. I turned 46 last month and today I realized that I cannot go more than another 2 years without a convertible. Why 2 years? Because I make logical decisions. It would be ridiculous to just go out and get a new convertible when I have a perfectly great, leather-seated, DVD playing, VAN. Yes. A soccer mom van.

I am a single mother, having had my child later in life, at 46 I have a child about to start Kindergarten. And all I could think about all day was about getting a convertible. Red. With cream interiors. A Toyota Solara? Chrysler Seabring? The possibilities are endless. My days on the road, hair flying, driving up the coast. Makes me feel like I can BREATHE! Ahhh. That's how I know I'm having my mid-life crisis.

I'm 4 years away from joining the demographic that my company, Gen Plus, is all about servicing, supporting and protecting. All my focus in my free time is spent on trying to reshape the way America thinks about 50 plus. I'm so close to joining the ranks of my peers.

But I want to get on the road today! My entire childhood was spent fantasizing about heading West. So as an adult I went West to live in LA, my paradise. But I spend a heck of a lot of time on the road. But boy, a convertible would keep me closer to outside, while driving inside. I could pretend, every day, that I was driving faster than 5 mph. I could imagine my hair flying in the wind...if only I could have a car that could ride with the top down. Yup. Gotta get a convertible. Somehow I don't think I'll be waiting 2 years.

Thursday, August 11, 2005

"Don't lose Sheila!" A Pioneer at 52.

Sheila Scott was the first pilot, male or female, to fly directly over true North Pole in a light aircraft. She logged three solo flights around the world: 1966, 1971, 1979

Her age at the time of the last flight : 52 years


Sheila Scott was born April 27, 1927, Worcester, Worcestershire [now in Hereford and Worcester], Eng. and died on October 20, 1988, in London.

Born as Sheila Christine Hopkins, this British aviator broke more than 100 light-aircraft records between 1965 and 1972 and was the first British pilot to fly solo around the world. She was intensely driven and competitive. Not only did she pioneer these solo flights, she attempted to beat records where they could be beaten, including besting her own times. As well, she was fearless, braving challenges that would have stopped today's pilots. Flying alone, she was tracked by the US Navy, who had strict instructions: "Don't lose Sheila!"

For a wonderful site with oodles of additional information on this remarkable woman visit:

Wednesday, August 10, 2005

They were HOW old???

Keep your eyes open for highlights of the famous and infamous who accomplished greatness over the age of 50. The list below primarily contains men. I'm researching women, but will accept all nominations. The only criteria is that their achievements must have taken place after the age of 50. Thanks to Dr. Mark Burgin for the in-depth research.

What people can do:

After 50:

Plato -- father of philosophy
Leonardo da Vinci -- Renaissance man, outstanding artist, inventor, architect, and engineer
Leonard Euler -- mathematician
Johann Sebastian Bach -- master composer
George Frideric Handel -- master composer
Igor Sikorsky -- great inventor and engineer
Robert Peary -- renowned traveler
Roald Amundsen -- renowned traveler
Genghis Khan -- fearless warrior and statesman
Confucius -- famous philosopher
Sheila Scott -- outstanding pilot
Richard Rutan -- outstanding pilot
Maximilien Conrad -- outstanding pilot

Sheila Scott, aviatrix
After 60

James Joseph Sylvester -- great mathematician
Benjamin Disraeli -- incredible statesman
Francisco de Goya -- visionary artist
Michelangelo -- perhaps the greatest artist, sculptor, architect, and engineer
Michael Melvill -- intrepid astronaut
Steve Fossett -- outstanding pilot
Claude Meunier -- outstanding pilot

After 70:

Ronald Reagan -- beloved statesman and politician

After 80:

Moses -- prophet, leader of the Jewish people

Sunday, August 07, 2005

Gen Plus Beta testing is LIVE!

Some very exciting news for 50 Plus JOBSEEKERS and 50 Plus-Aware Employers! After many months of development and programming, the Work functionality of the Gen Plus site is up and running. There are many bells and whistles still in development, but we need your feedback. Please visit www.genplususa.com. Take a look around. Play and send me back your comments.

Be kind, be cruel...but most of all tell any 50 plusser who is looking for work, that Gen Plus is here to stay and to promote, provoke and passionately strive to change the view of the current workplace. We WILL get your experience back in the field.

Thank you for all your support the past few months. Visit. I think you'll be pleasantly surprised.

Plato -- Shaper of Wester Philosophy...at 50 Plus

Dr. Mark Burgin, professor, philosopher, logician, scientist and Visiting Scholar at UCLA, contributes another 50 plus success story!

Today, he shares a brief on Plato.

Plato (circa 428-c. 347 BC), Greek philosopher, is hailed as one of the most creative and influential thinkers in Western philosophy.

He was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. His father, Ariston, was believed to have descended from the early kings of Athens. Perictione, his mother, was distantly related to the 6th- century BC lawmaker Solon. When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles.

The mature period of Plato’s creativity started when he was around 50 and continued for two decades. [Note: it took a life of living and observation to reflect back such insight into the human condition.]

Plato's Academy flourished until 529 AD when it was closed down by the Christian Emperor Justinian who claimed it was a pagan establishment. Having survived for 900 years it is the longest surviving university known. Pure Mathematics and Jurisprudence featured as a central elements of the curriculum.

Plato, most famous for his dialogues, commonly argued with Socrates (his teacher), although it is unclear which arguments belong solely to which philosopher! He later became Aristotle's teacher. Due to the tragic imprisonment and subsequent execution of Socrates, Plato was very drawn to concepts of justice of society vs. justice of the individual. Echoing early Jewish discussions of justice, righteousness and mercy, his philosophies and theories still ring true today and have shaped modern philosophy.

Tuesday, August 02, 2005

Dr. Mark Burgin Presents a Relevant Theory of Aging

Dr. Mark Burgin, a Professor and currently a visiting Scholar at UCLA possesses an incredible insight garnered from his deep understanding of physics, mathematics, logic and philosophy. An eclectic mix, but he hits the nail on the head with his paper on Age of People. As promised, here is the paper in its entirety. References are available by requets. It is a challenging, but thought-provoking read. And for any 50-plusser, the Conclusion is a must-read.

Physics, Biology, Mathematics, Society and Philosophy. Enjoy.

Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE EMBS, San Francisco, California, 2004, pp. 655-658

Age of People and Aging Problem
M. Burgin
Department of Mathematics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA

Abstract— To apply technology to problems of age and aging, we need to better understand these problems and to develop operational technique for their solving. Creation of
foundations for such a technique by means of a multifaceted model of age is the main goal of this paper. The suggested approach is based on the system theory of time, multilayer
model of evaluation, and on differentiation of three functional subsystems in the human organism: biological, physiological, and psychological.

Keywords— Age, time, aging, neural network, health


The aging problem is very important for society. There are many issues in this problem. One of the most important, which hinders essential advance in the aging problem solution, is a discrepancy between our understanding of the age of a person and the aging problem. The age of an individual A is defined as time that has passed from the birth of A to the present moment. However, the crucial aspect of the problem of aging is not this time but those negative changes in the human organism that go on with passing time. One kind of negative changes is a decline in health.

Thus, the conventional age of a person that is measured as time that has passed from the birth of a person to the present moment does not reflect aging as a process. Even appearance of people that have the same conventional age can be essentially different. We look at two women and suppose that one is 25 years old, while another is 50 years old. Then we find with a surprise that the age of both is the same and equal to 40 years. Another example of inconvenience of the conventional age is given by physical conditions of a person. For instance, one thirty year old man can run 10 miles without big efforts, while for another man
of the same age even to go one mile is a great problem.

There is also a huge variability in health of people of the same age. All this brings us to the conclusion that there is a discrepancy between the conventional determination of the
person’s age and those problems that are related to aging. To overcome these discrepancies, we introduce a new understanding of the age of a human being. Age is considered as a three-component vector that comprises essential characteristics of an individual. This approach is based on the system theory of time [3, 5], in which time in a system is considered as a dynamical characteristic, which can be related to processes going in a subsystem or related to changes of some aspect or feature of this system.

This allows one to decompose time into a multidimensional parameter and to represent age as a three dimensional vector of specific inner times of an individual. We call this model the triadic age as it has three components: biological, physiological, and psychological age.

This approach implies utilization of computers and neural networks. Computers will do numerical and symbolic data processing for age determination. Neural networks are
best at identifying patterns or trends in data [8]. Consequently, they are fit to perform data preprocessing and find parameters for components of age.

In the second section, going after Introduction, we consider some basic concepts and constructions from the system theory of time. The concept of the biological age is
developed in the third section. Conclusion contains some problems related to the concept of health, which is central in medicine, and possibilities to use age characteristics in
biomedical computer-assisted decision support systems.


To reflect properties of different kinds of time, the system theory utilizes principles, which represent the most essential properties. An important peculiarity of the system approach to time is the emphasis that is made on the necessity to consider time not as an absolute essence but to relate time to a definite system.

Principle O1. Any system has its own time. Applied to physical systems, Principle O1 implies that time is different in different coordinate systems and it is necessary to correspond one local time to the other in order to coordinate events in these systems. The special theory of
relativity determines how to do this coordination. Namely, the notion of time relies on clocks, the date of an event being defined by coincidence of this event with a top delivered by a clock located at the same place. In order to be defined in the whole space, time also depends on the exchange of light signals, which are necessary to compare and synchronize the indications of remote clocks. The universal and finite velocity of light propagation then leads to a definition of time simultaneity, which depends on the observer's motion. In this sense, the system theory of time is an extension of the special theory of relativity.

To derive other properties of time from Principle O1, we apply system theory. According to its principles, any system R is not unique. Consequently, there is another system Q, which is not included in R. In general, we have the following triad interaction R Q (3)

Principle O1 implies that R has some time TR, Q has some time TQ, and interaction as a system has some time TRQ. If we consider TR , TQ , and TRQ with respect to R, then we come to the following result.

Theorem 1 [5]. Three types of time exist for an arbitrary system R: an internal, connection, and external time. Here, TR is an internal time for R, TQ is an external time for R, and TRQ is a connection time for R. Definition 3. Internal time TR of R is the time, in which the whole system R or some of its subsystem functions.

Definition 4. External time TeR for R is an internal time of its environment as a system.

Definition 5. Connection time TcR for R is the time in which the processes of interaction of R with its environment go on. Internal, or inner, time TIR is an inherent property of the system R. Several kinds of inner time are connected with such a system as a human being. There is biological time, which is the inner time of an individual when we consider this individual as a biological (living) system [5, 11].

Besides, researchers distinguish physiological time if the organism is considered on the level of biochemical (physiological) process [15, 17]. If we consider a human being as a biochemical system, then such a kind as the biological time is the primary one [15, 17, 18].
Psychological time appears on the level of personality [1, 9, 10, 14], while the behavioral level of an individual is related to perception time, as well as to reaction time [2].

Problems of aging are related to inner time of an individual. The main principle for inner time of system connects the flow of the inner time in a system with changes going on in this system.

Principle OI 1. Time TR in a system R is a property of R in which the scale LT is labeled/indexed set (in particular, a sequence) of changes in R. This corresponds to and develops the traditional approach, in which time is reckoned by noting the intervals
that occur by the motion of material things. Historically, this has meant how many times the sun is at its highest point in the sky (days), the moon at the same phase (month), and the
passing of the seasons (year). In the physical world, recognition of the passage of time is always in relation to something material. Taking the motion of material things as a time indicator, we see that the more uniform the material motion the more accurate we can be in our measurements and divisions of time.

An important problem is the topology of the time scale.

Existence of several inner times in one individual implies that the age of a person is not a unique number, which is equal to the length of physical time from the birth of this person to the given moment. This is only the chronological age, which is not the most important for a human being.

To find more representative temporal characteristics, we consider three subsystems of an individual and find related time, which characterizes the corresponding age of this
individual. As a result, we have three major components of the age of an individual: biological, physiological, and psychological ages. These ages are much more important
than the conventional (chronological) age because the latter is determined by systems external to an individual, while three new characteristics represent inner time more closely
related to aging. Here the main emphasis is on the biological age.


At first, we give an informal definition.

Definition 3.1. Biological age reflects how well the organism of this person is functioning.
To give an exact definition, we use the general theory of evaluation [6] because we need not an abstract formula but a working mechanism for age evaluation. According to this
theory, the first stage in evaluation is to determine criteria for evaluation. However, a criterion can be too general for a direct estimation. This causes necessity to introduce more
specific properties of the evaluated object. Such properties play the role of indices for this criterion. Thus, the second stage of evaluation consists of index selection that reflects
criteria. Sometimes an index can coincide with the corresponding criterion, or a criterion can be one of its indices. However, in many cases, it is impossible to obtain exact values for the chosen indices. For instance, we cannot do measurement with absolute precision. What is possible to do is only to get some estimates of indices. Consequently, the third stage includes obtaining estimates for selected indices. This shows that a complete process of evaluation
has the following structure:

Criterion → Index → Estimate

Definition 3.2. Biological age is an indicator of organism functioning external display, reflects all external changes in the biological system of the individual, and consists of three components.

Components of the biological age: static, reaction (or functional), and processual biological age. Indicators/indices for the static component are parameters of the observable external state of the body parts, such as skin, hair, eyes, etc. Indicators/indices for the reaction component are external reactions of the organism, such as: respiratory response to some physical activity; physical strength; change of the body temperature as a result of temperature change in the environment; time for restoring normal reactions after hard work; the rate of reaction to some stimulus, etc. Indicators/indices for the processual component are parameters (e.g., time, rate, endurance) of observable external processes, such as running, swimming, writing, reading, sleeping, etc.

One way to find the value of a component of biological age is to combine the values of the corresponding indicators in some formula and then to make calculations according to
this formula. Another approach to the biological age component value determination is to use neural networks that learn regularities of this component behavior. Their training data
for these networks consist of age component estimations made by experts. These data supervise learning and teach the network.

To get the biological age of an individual, three components of biological age are integrated together by some formula. For example, let SBA be the static biological age, RBA be the reaction biological age, and PBA be the processual biological age. Then it is possible to compute the biological age BA by the following formula BA = a SBA + b RBA + c PBA,
where a, b, and c are positive real numbers (weights of the components) with a + b + c = 1.
An important question is how biological age is related to biological time. To get a true correspondence in this aspect, we need to consider aspect time and introduce two
kinds of biological time: complete and aging biological time.

Definition 3.3. Complete biological time is time that reflects all external changes in the biological system of an individual.

Definition 3.4. Aging biological time is time that reflects only developmental and degradation external changes in the biological system of an individual.

It is necessary to consider age on several levels of indices. For instance, strength is an index for the biological age. At the same time, there are different levels of strength for different people. The interval for strength is so wide that if we compare different people by their strength, it would be possible to regard one adult individual as a child in comparison with another individual of the same age. Each level of indices is determined by the extent of mental abilities (inherent or developed) of a person.


At first, we give an informal definition.

Definition 4.1. Physiological age represents how well biochemical reactions are going in the organism of this person. As in the case of biological age, this brings us to the
following characterization.

Definition 4.2. Physiological age is an indicator of internal organism functioning, reflects all internal changes in the physiological system of the individual, and consists of three components. Physiological age also reflects how organism reacts to infection, stress, different kinds of food, air and water pollution etc. With aging, metabolic processes decrease.
Components of the organism functioning age are similar the components of the biological age: static, reaction, and processual physiological age.

Indicators/indices for the static component are parameters of the internal state of parts, such as the blood pressure, oxidative load, pH (acid/alkaline) balance, mineral content of blood, urine and saliva etc. Indicators/indices for the reaction component are internal reactions of the organism, such as change of the heart rate as a result of some physical activity, general
circulatory response to some physical activity, change of the blood pressure as a result of stress or the rate of reaction to some stimulus. Indicators/indices for the processual component are parameters of internal processes, such as digestion, circadian rhythms, endocrine system functioning etc.

An important question is how physiological age is related to physiological time. To get a true correspondence in this aspect, we need to consider aspect time and introduce two kinds of physiological time: complete and aging physiological time.

Definition 4.3. Complete physiological time is time that reflects all internal changes in the biological system of an individual.

Definition 4.4. Aging physiological time is time that reflects only developmental and degradation internal changes in the biological system of an individual. Thus, aging physiological time plays an important role in the definition of health of an individual.


At first, we give an informal definition.

Definition 5.1. Psychological age reflects how the psyche of this person is functioning.
As in the case of biological age, this brings us to the following characterization.

Definition 5.2. Psychological age is an indicator of psyche functioning, reflects all changes in the psyche of the individual, and consists of three components. Components of the organism functioning age are similar the components of the biological age: static, reaction, and
processual psychological age. Indicators/indices for the static component are
parameters of the psyche, such as temperament, intelligence, will etc.

Indicators/indices for the reaction component are psychological reactions of the individual, such as emotional reaction to some irritant or problem solving, decision making and patter recognition estimated by their result. For instance, IQ is an estimate of the problem solving index. Indicators/indices for the processual component are parameters of psychological processes, such as problem solving, decision-making, and pattern recognition.

An important question is how psychological age is related to psychological time. To get a true correspondence in this aspect, we need to consider aspect time and introduce two kinds of psychological time: complete and aging psychological time.

Definition 5.3. Complete psychological time is time that reflects all internal changes in the psyche of an individual.

Definition 5.4. Aging psychological time is time that reflects only developmental and degradation internal changes in the psyche of an individual. Some individuals have extraordinary mental abilities. Consequently, similar to biological age it is necessary to
consider psychological age on several levels of indices. Each level is determined by the extent of mental abilities of a person.

It is necessary to make a distinction between psychological time and subjective perception of time [1, 9, 10, 12]. Psychological time reflects changes in the psyche of an individual, while subjective perception of time indicate individual perception of physical time.


It is important to consider the problem of aging in connection with the problem of health. The suggested multicomponent approach to age definition discloses a wider approach to health. In particular, it shows that it is important to discern static, functional, and processual components. According to the conventional definition [13], health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. This Definition has not been amended since 1948. Similar definitions, we can find in different dictionaries and encyclopedias. However, such definitions include only the
static component of health. A more advanced approach takes into account all three components [7]. Such an approach is aimed at preventive medicine, which is not only treating ill patients but also tends to prevent people becoming ill.
We can also see that that a more relevant determination of individual age opens new possibilities for modeling human organism by means of computers, neural networks and grid arrays [4]. Such models might be useful in biomedical computer-assisted decision support systems [8].

References for this article available upon request.